Learn more about the ReMorphOPV project.
Recombination in Organic Photovoltaics: Impact of Morphology and Long-Range Non-Equilibrium Transport
Marie Curie Individual Fellowship
The global transition towards clean energy requires new ways to generate electricity. One promising approach are organic solar cells. These devices are based on a phase-separated network of two organic materials and hold the potential to make solar power cheap and sustainable. However, there is still a lack of fundamental understanding in key areas.
One important open question concerns the charge recombination. Although identified as main loss mechanism in organic solar cells, its underlying principles remain mysterious. ReMorphOPV addresses these limitations by developing a new recombination model. The basic hypothesis is that a successful theoretical description must properly consider two key features of an organic solar cell: the complex nanoscale morphology and the dispersive type of charge transport. To account for both aspects, ReMorphOPV makes use of extensive kinetic Monte Carlo simulations with high spatial and temporal resolution. The proposed numerical approach includes most realistic assumptions on the nanostructure (domain size, phase purity, molecular miscibility etc.) and previously overlooked phenomena of charge transport, namely the non-equilibrium and long-range motion of carriers.
The predictions of the simulations are validated by experiments on different material systems. A feedback loop between experiment and numerical model is used to refine the theoretical description and define new parameterisations of the recombination rate that enable easy dissemination to other researchers. With such a model at hand, it will be possible to find design rules for organic solar cells with minimised recombination losses even at large thickness. These results are of great relevance for the photovoltaics community and will help to reinforce Europe’s world-leading position in renewable energies.